česky | english | deutsch | po polski 

This website was created within the framework of the "Vítkovice Promotion”project with joint funding from the EU and the Moravian-Silesian Region. It aims to bring this unique region closer not only to the local people but also to visitors interested in sightseeing from all over the world.

 



Basic information
Area: 648 ha
Population (01.01.2008): 7413
Altitude: 229 m

If any magazine undertook to ask its readers what they imagine upon hearing the name of Vítkovice, the answers of people from Ostrava and other regions of the Czech Republic would be: Vítkovice – important machine works, Vítkovice – well known sports club, or Vítkovice - place of contrast. It is an enclave which has the highest unemployment rate in the city standing beside a mirror where the positive results of the building industry and education are reflected. We notice the latter observations particularly from people who grew up here and have had the chance to compare.

Vítkovice may be perceived in a more complex way as an important historical site, which in the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century witnessed a dynamic development of heavy industry – coal mining, metallurgy, steel production and the machinery industry, and therefore contributed to the industrial expansion of the whole area. The construction of industrial complexes and halls in Vítkovice and increasing production resulted in enormous population growth, accompanied by the building of a social infrastructure and facilities for workers and other employees of steelworks. Apartment houses for workers and officers were built, as well as a factory hospital, nursery school, canteen, laundry and factory shops, which were unique for that time. Outstanding architects of the Austro-Hungarian Empire participated in the construction of civic facilities, and factory management started to implement a policy of social welfare for workers, even before the Baťa brothers pursued a similar plan in Zlín.

The Vítkovice Steelworks boom reached its peak in 1880, when the factory produced 57% of the iron manufactured in Moravia and Austrian Silesia. The municipality of Vítkovice itself showed its biggest expansion just before World War I, when the number of inhabitants exceeded 23,000.

The most important dates for the district include the year 1908, when Vítkovice was granted town status; the year 1902 when the town hall building was completed; and also 1924 when Vítkovice merged with Moravian Ostrava. The subsequent history of Vítkovice as a neighborhood was considerably influenced by the history of Ostrava as a whole. After 1945 the fragile balance of industrial and civic facilities was upset. The ambitious socialist plans for the economy preferred industrial development to the development of the district, and at the end of the 1960’s the housing settlement was utterly condemned to gradual dissolution. The year 1989 brought salvation to Vítkovice at the very last moment. The megalomaniacal aims of a planned economy were confronted with free enterprise and the quantitative development of the factory ended. The district gradually was revived and newly reconstructed houses started to appear from under the layers of dust. The forgotten beauty of industrial buildings began to be revealed and the history that had passed through the district took on more significance.

The “Vítkovice Promotion” project, including this website presentation, aims to revive, popularize and bring closer the history of the place, make it familiar to its inhabitants as well as to visitors. Our aim is to make people aware that Vítkovice is an important historical district of Ostrava, characterised by typical industrial architecture and a rich history.

Ing. Leoš Adamík
district vice-mayor
January 2008
Tento web vyrobila PRONETmedia Ostrava - SEO a optimalizace stránek pro vyhledávače pomocí InstantWeb.cz - SEO redakční systém